Here we will go over all the details of what Sport Pilot Training time can be used for Private pilot. First the video that describes the sport pilot time that can be used as private pilot time, than a text description below to use as a resource for the applicable time and how it can be applied.
As we saw in the video, there are three specific types of training time for the private pilot 40 hours minimum required training time.
40 hours total with
We will look at each of these types specifically:
10 Hours undefined or ANY time in flight training or PIC (pilot in control)
This is the easiest to understand because it is ANY flight training time with a CFI or PIC (pilot in command) time you have logged. Any solo or dual training (with CFI) time in any category, any solo or pilot in command time as a student or sport pilot. Any time can be used for this 10 hours if you need it to get to 40 if you have 20 dual and 10 solo. This “any time” but does NOT include riding along with another pilot who is not a CFI since it is not dual training or PIC (pilot in command) time for you. Typically you would get this 10 hours as dual training or solo time, or PIC as a sport pilot. But if you happen to be at the minimums 20/10 you can use this to get to 40.
10 Hours Solo
Solo time is solo time so all solo counts except possibly the cross country solo time depending on how long the cross country flights are. For private pilot you need 5 hours of solo cross country solo time. For sport pilot there are no minimum cross country hours. Just a flight with the required distance for sport pilots. For sport pilot requirements, “cross country time” is defined as landing at a point that is at least 25 NM from a departure point. For a private pilot “cross country time” is defined as landing at a point that is at least 50 NM from a departure point. Big difference. So if you want your sport pilot solo cross country time to count towards private pilot, you must fly to points 50 NM miles away to land not just 25 NM which is cross country for sport pilot. Simply Private Pilot cross country is twice as far as Sport Pilot requirements.
Additionally, the required cross country flight for private is 150 NM total with full stop landing at three points with two of those points being at least 50 miles apart. The sport pilot minimum required cross country flight is only 75 NM (private 150 NM), with two stops (private three stops), and a minimum leg of 25 NM (private 50NM). So if you want to use your sport pilot cross country solo time for private, you simply fly the longer legs airport to airport (50 NM) and do your cross country flight of 150 NM not just 75 NM. You can also do this private solo cross country as a sport or private student pilot or as a certificated sport pilot as long is it is solo and meets the private pilot criteria.
Additionally there is this other detail in 61.93 Solo cross-country flight requirements item (e) that is commonly overlooked. For 91.93 (e) Maneuvers and procedures for cross country flight training in a single-engine airplane (12) “Control and maneuvering solely by reference to instruments……etc”. If the sport pilot is flying a light-sport aircraft that has a Vh above 87 knots, the sport pilot needs this instrument flight training. IF the sport pilot instructor has the required training per 61.412 Instrument Training (new in 2019), than he/she can provide this instrument training needed for cross country solo. Note this can also be counted towards the 3 hours instrument training needed for private pilot per 61.109 (3).
Note how the 3 hours instrument training needed for private pilot per 61.109 (3) can be covered during the sport pilot training in preparation for cross-country solo by a Sport Pilot flight instructor if properly trained per 61.412.
20 hours dual flight training
Here are the details you need to know which depends on the flight instructor rating and if you get a Sport Pilot Rating BEFORE the private Pilot…
For Weight-Shift Control or Powered Parachute (PPC), it can be a CFI operating under Subpart K which was a Private pilot certificate for the appropriate category (Weight-Shift Control or PPC).
Here is a unique situation where a subpart H (private) flight instructor (CFI) has a current flight instructor certificate but let his 3rd class medical expire. He/she can instruct a student private pilot in a light sport aircraft without a medical and the time counts towards a sport pilot and private pilot because he/she is pilot in command (PIC). All hours count towards a sport and private certificate (except night) because the CFI has a valid Subpart H flight instructor certificate and is PIC of the LSA. He/she cannot fly or provide any flight instruction in a non LSA, at night in any aircraft or in IFR conditions in any aircraft because he/she cannot be pilot in command.
The CFI with expired medical and a CFIS can give instrument training in an LSA required by 61.93 (e)(12) before a student cross country if it has the required equipment as long as they are in day VMC. The CFIS MUST have instrument training per new rule 61.412 to provide this instrument training. No attitude display is required for this and a partial panel (compass, airspeed, altitude) is adequate.
To upgrade from a sport to a private pilot, the airplane sport pilot is trained by a qualified private pilot CFI following the lesson plans provided in this guide, study and take the private pilot knowledge test, and take a checkride with an FAA Private pilot examiner. For Weight-shift Control or Powered Parachute Private Pilot, a Sport Pilot CFI with Private Pilot rating in the WSC or PPC category is OK for dual training for private pilot WSC or PPC.
Generally, there is no additional cost to becoming a sport pilot first except the sport pilot knowledge test and the sport pilot checkride, both which are stepping stones to building knowledge and experience to private pilot knowledge, skill and requirements.